Offline Mode

It’s possible to run KKP in an airgapped/offline environment by mirroring all required images to a local container image registry. The kubermatic-installer mirror-images command is provided to aid in this process.

In general, to setup an airgapped system, the container images must be mirrored and the Helm charts / KubermaticConfiguration need to be adjusted to point to the new registry.

Mirroring Required Images

The functionality described in this section was provided by a tool called image-loader in previous KKP releases. That tool does not exist as a standalone tool anymore and has been rolled into the Kubermatic Installer. Previously, this functionality depended on a docker (or compatible) CLI to execute the actual mirroring work. This is no longer the case and as such, kubermatic-installer mirror-images can be used on systems without Docker.

There are a number of sources for container images used in a KKP setup:

  • The container images used by KKP itself (e.g.
  • The images used by the various Helm charts used to deploy KKP (nginx, cert-manager, Grafana, …)
  • The images used for creating a user cluster control plane (the Kubernetes apiserver, scheduler, metrics-server, …).
  • The images referenced by cluster Addons.
  • The images referenced in system Applications.

To make it easier to collect all required images, the kubermatic-installer mirror-images utility is provided. It will scan KKP source code and Helm charts included in a KKP release to determine all images that need to be mirrored. Once it has determined these, it will pull, re-tag and then push the images.

To use it, provide it with the KubermaticConfiguration as a YAML file and the values.yaml file used to install the Helm charts.

Download the latest KKP release, you will need both the kubermatic-installer binary and the charts directory. Extract the KKP release locally and then run the kubermatic-installer. Note that you need Helm 3.x installed on your machine.

./kubermatic-installer mirror-images localhost:5000 \
  --charts-directory /path/to/the/extracted/charts \
  --config mykubermatic.yaml \
  --helm-values myhelmvalues.yaml \

Be aware that kubermatic-installer mirror-images will ignore repository overrides in the referenced KubermaticConfiguration and as such, a configuration file used to deploy an offline setup with respective overrides can be reused. However, no such logic is available for Helm charts. To ensure that the correct images are extracted from Helm charts, it is highly recommended to maintain a secondary Helm values file that does not include any image repository overrides.

Remove --dry-run to let the tool actually mirror container images. Output for the command will look like this:

INFO[0002] 🚀 Collecting images…
INFO[0068] 🚀 Rendering Helm charts…                      charts-directory=charts
INFO[0087] 🚀 Rendering system Applications Helm charts…
INFO[0087] Retrieving images…                            application-name=cilium
INFO[0088] Image found                                   source-image="" target-image="localhost:5000/anexia/anx-cloud-controller-manager:1.5.1"
INFO[0088] Image found                                   source-image="" target-image="localhost:5000/bats/bats:v1.4.1"
INFO[0088] Image found                                   source-image="" target-image="localhost:5000/bitnami/memcached-exporter:0.10.0-debian-11-r51"
INFO[0088] Image found                                   source-image="" target-image="localhost:5000/bitnami/memcached:1.6.17-debian-11-r25"
INFO[0088] Image found                                   source-image="" target-image="localhost:5000/calico/cni:v3.19.1"
INFO[0087] ✅ Finished listing images.                    all-image-count=215 copied-image-count=0

Output will include information about the source of an image and the destination that the command will attempt to copy it to when run without --dry-run. If you seek to have machine-readable output (e.g. to process images with your own), pass -o json for JSON output.


To authenticate while pulling and pushing images (e.g. to work around unauthenticated pull limitations on DockerHub and to push to registries that require authentication), kubermatic-installer mirror-images will attempt to discover credentials also used by docker and podman. That means it will look for ~/.docker/config.json (%USERPROFILE%\.docker\config.json on Windows) and ${XDG_RUNTIME_DIR}/containers/auth.json and look for credentials for the involved registries (both source and target).

This behaviour can be overridden by setting the DOCKER_CONFIG environment variable. Note that this needs to reference a directory containing a config.json file, not reference the file itself.

Partial Mirroring

In some cases (e.g. when registry mirrors are configured only for a subset of upstream registries), you might want to only mirror some images instead of all of them. For that, a flag called --registry-prefix has been added. It can be used to pass a prefix against which all images will be filtered.

For example, to only mirror images from DockerHub, pass --registry-prefix '' to kubermatic-installer mirror-images.


Note that by default, kubermatic-installer mirror-images will determine the addons container image based on the KubermaticConfiguration file, pull it down and then extract the addon manifests from the image, so that it can then scan them for container images to mirror.

You can skip this step by pointing the command to a local directory that contains all addons with the --adons-path flag:

./kubermatic-installer mirror-images \
  --charts-directory /path/to/the/extracted/charts \
  --config mykubermatic.yaml \
  --helm-values myhelmvalues.yaml \
  --addons-path /path/to/my/addons \

If a custom addons image is used, you should pass the --addons-image flag instead to reference a non-standard addon image to extract images from.

Configuring KKP

After having mirrored all required container images, it’s time to adjust the KKP configuration to point to the new images. For this the KubermaticConfiguration allows to override the image repository (but not the tag!) for all used images. Likewise, all Helm charts have options to reconfigure the repository as well.

For example, Dex can be installed by overwriting dex.image.repository either in the values.yaml file or on the command line:

helm -n oauth upgrade \
  --values myvalues.yaml \
  --set "dex.image.repository=" \
  oauth .

When adjusting the values.yaml, do not use the same file for kubermatic-installer mirror-images, as it would attempt to mirror to (a no-op). Either provide kubermatic-installer mirror-images with a stock configuration or set the overridden image repositories via --set when using Helm.

Likewise, carefully go through the KubermaticConfiguration and adjust the dockerRepository fields:

  # etc.

Re-apply the updated configuration to make the KKP Operator reconcile the setup:

kubectl apply -f mykubermatic.yaml

Worker Nodes Behind a Proxy

In situations where worker nodes will require a proxy to reach the internet, the datacenter specification for the Seed cluster must be updated. Find the relevant seed via kubectl:

kubectl -n kubermatic get seeds

Output will be similar to this:

#NAME        AGE
#hamburg     143d
#frankfurt   151d

You will then find the datacenter inside the spec.datacenters list of the right Seed. You need to set a couple of node settings:

      location: Hamburg
      country: DE
        # Configure the address of the proxy
        # It will be configured on all worker nodes. It results in the HTTP_PROXY & HTTPS_PROXY
        # environment variables being set.
        http_proxy: ""

        # Worker nodes require access to a Docker registry; in case it is only accessible using
        # plain HTTP or it uses a self-signed certificate, it must be listed here.
          - ""

        # The kubelet requires the pause image; if it's only accessible using a private registry,
        # the image name must be configured here.
        pause_image: ""

        # ContainerLinux requires the hyperkube image; if it's only accessible using a private
        # registry, the image name must be configured here.
        hyperkube_image: ""

Edit your Seed either using kubectl edit or editing a local file and applying it with kubectl apply. From then on new nodes in the configured datacenter will use the new node settings.