It’s possible to run KKP in an airgapped/offline environment, by mirroring all required
Docker images to a local Docker registry. The
image-loader utility is provided to aid
in this process.
In general, to setup an airgapped system, the Docker images must be mirrored and the Helm charts / KubermaticConfiguration need to be adjusted to point to the new registry.
There are a number of sources for the Docker images used in a KKP setup:
To make it easier to collect all required images, the
image-loader utility is provided.
It will scan the Helm charts and uses the KKP code itself to determine all images that
need to be mirrored. Once it has determined these, it will pull, re-tag and then push
To use it, provide it with the
values.yaml file used to install the Helm charts.
The image-loader is included in the regular KKP Docker images (i.e.
quay.io/kubermatic/api). It is recommended to extract the binary out of the
Docker image and use it locally, as a Helm 3 binary is also required to use it.
CONTAINER_ID=$(docker create --name copier quay.io/kubermatic/api:v2.13.10) docker cp $CONTAINER_ID:/usr/local/bin/image-loader . docker rm $CONTAINER_ID
It is important to use the image-loader that ships with the KKP version you’re using, as this will ensure that it finds the same images actually used in the clusters later on.
As the next step, download the Helm charts for your KKP version from the kubermatic-installer repository. Once you have the charts and the image-loader, you can run the loader like so:
./image-loader \ -helm-values-file myhelmvalues.yaml \ -charts-path /path/to/the/extracte/charts \ -registry 172.20.0.2:5000 \ -dry-run
-dry-run to let the tool actually download and push Docker images.
Note that by default, the image-loader will determine the configured addons Docker image from the Helm values, pull it down and then extract the addon manifests from the image, so that it can then scan them for Docker images to mirror.
You can skip this step by pointing the image-loader to a local directory that contains all addons, like so:
./image-loader \ -helm-values-file myhelmvalues.yaml \ -charts-path /path/to/the/extracte/charts \ -addons-path /path/to/my/addons \ -registry 172.20.0.2:5000 \ -dry-run
After having mirrored all required Docker images, it’s time to adjust the KKP configuration
to point to the new images. For this the Helm values.yaml allows to override the
Docker repository for all used images. This is true for the
kubermatic chart as well as
all other Helm charts.
For example, Dex can be installed by overwriting
dex.image.repository either in the
values.yaml file or on the command line:
helm -n oauth upgrade \ --values myvalues.yaml \ --set "dex.image.repository=172.20.0.2:5000/dexidp/dex" \ oauth .
When adjusting the
values.yaml, do not use the same file for the image-loader, as it would
attempt to mirror
172.20.0.2:5000/dexidp/dex (a no-op).
Either provide the image-loader with a stock configuration or set the overridden image repositories
--set when using Helm.
values.yaml has been updated, re-deploy all affected Helm charts.
In situations where worker nodes will require a proxy to reach the internet, the datacenter specification for the
Seed cluster must be updated. This can be found in the Seed CRD. Find the
relevant seed via
kubectl -n kubermatic get seeds #NAME AGE #hamburg 143d #frankfurt 151d
You will then find the datacenter inside the
spec.datacenters list of the right Seed. You need to set a couple
spec: datacenters: example-dc: location: Hamburg country: DE ... node: # Configure the address of the proxy # It will be configured on all worker nodes. It results in the HTTP_PROXY & HTTPS_PROXY # environment variables being set. http_proxy: "http://172.20.0.2:3128" # Worker nodes require access to a Docker registry; in case it is only accessible using # plain HTTP or it uses a self-signed certificate, it must be listed here. insecure_registries: - "172.20.0.2:5000" # The kubelet requires the pause image; if it's only accessible using a private registry, # the image name must be configured here. pause_image: "172.20.0.2:5000/kubernetes/pause:3.1" # ContainerLinux requires the hyperkube image; if it's only accessible using a private # registry, the image name must be configured here. hyperkube_image: "172.20.0.2:5000/kubernetes/hyperkube-amd64"
Edit your Seed either using
kubectl edit or editing a local file and applying it with
kubectl apply. From then
on new nodes in the configured datacenter will use the new node settings.